How To Start Profitable Cabbage Farming Business: The Complete Guide
Cabbage farming in Nigeria is a lucrative business opportunity for you to make millions from an agribusiness investment. The lucrative nature of cabbage farming is as a result of the many uses of the cabbage vegetable. You can use it in the preparation of salad and many other condiments. This article centers on commercial cabbage farming business in Nigeria. If all that you want is to simply grow cabbage in your backyard, maybe you should reconsider large cabbage production.
This article provides you with all the needed information to start profitable cabbage farming in Nigeria. There is no doubt that cabbage is a popular crop among Nigerians, but very few are commercial cabbage farmers. Aside from guide you, this article also encourages to venture into cabbage farming business on the commercial scale. This article provides you with information regarding:
- The price of cabbage in Nigeria
- Cabbage production requirements
- The cabbage market in Nigeria
- Cultural practices involved in cabbage farming in Nigeria
You simply need to relax and enjoy your reading as it promises to be informative and entertaining as well. It is no longer news that the agricultural is gradually booming in Nigeria. Therefore, you are advised to be a partaker by starting this lucrative cabbage farming business in Nigeria.
Guidelines To Starting Your Cabbage Farming Business In Nigeria
In order for you to be successful in cabbage farming business, you need proper guidance, especially as a beginner. Below are some of the guidelines for succeeding in your cabbage farming venture in Nigeria.
Have a cabbage farming business plan
This is the number one requirement for commercial cabbage production in Nigeria. The importance of having a good business plan cannot be overemphasized. Your business plan serves as a pointer for you during the course of the cabbage farming business venture. A good business plan has many components that include financial projections, marketing strategy, SWOT analysis, market survey, and feasibility study. This implies that your business plan is a clear explanation of how the business will be once it starts.
You can also access loans from both government and private organizations with the help of your cabbage farming business plan. So, you can see that the business plan also attract funds to your cabbage farming business in Nigeria. No right thinking investor will consider investing in your business unless you have a good business plan in place.
Farmland selection and preparation
After you have settled with you have concluded your business plan and sourced the startup capital, site selection is next. You have to choose a well-drained sandy loam soil because it is most suited for cabbage production in Nigeria. Once the land has been selected, you can then proceed to clear it of all stumps and bushes. After that, you can now till the soil by making ridges on which to plant your cabbage seedlings.
Planting your cabbage
You should note that the process of planting cabbage involves growing them first in a nursery. In the nursery, you should just mark some groves with a stick to hold the seeds. You should use your hand to sprinkle some layer of sand over the seeds. It is also very important that you mulch the seeds to prevent birds from picking them. The mulching process also prevents the direct heat of the sun on the young cabbage shoots. Your cabbage seeds start to germinate within 4-5 days after planting them in the nursery.
You can transplant the young cabbage seedlings from the nursery to the permanent farmland after 3-4 weeks in the nursery. While transplanting, the spacing you decide to use will positively or negatively affect your cabbage farming business. Good spacing leads to bountiful harvest as it allows for the blossoming of the cabbage, hence bringing about maximum growth.
After you have transplanted your cabbage from nursery to permanent site, fertilizer application is next. While applying the fertilizer, you should make sure it is at the base f the plants. For cabbage farming processes, it is much better for you to use organic fertilizer as it is safer to use. Unlike inorganic fertilizers, the organic ones improve the water and the nutrient holding capacity of the soil. Organic fertilizers also have a long-term effect on your farmland. This implies that their positive effect can still be felt after several years on your farm.
How to care for your cabbage
In cabbage farming business, you don’t just abandon the crops after planting. There is the need for you to constantly care and nurture them for a bountiful cabbage farming harvest. Weeding should be carried out in order to make the crop very comfortable on the farm. You should also apply chemicals to the cabbage head, bulb or leaves in order to eliminate destructive insects and pests.
While applying chemicals, it is advised that you apply them during the developmental stages of the cabbage. This allows the chemicals to wear off gradually before the cabbage is harvested and consumed.
You need to know that cabbage requires lots of water and cool conditions in order to form big heads. This tells you that irrigation is a very important component of cabbage farming business, especially during the dry season. You can make use of a watering can to apply water to your cabbage farm after planting. The watering process should be carried out both morning and evening. Using the watering can promote even distribution of water thereby preventing the digging up of the seeds.
For dry season cabbage farming, a very good and functional irrigation system must be put in place on your farm. In fact, irrigation is the driving force of dry season cabbage farming in Nigeria. If you don’t have a good irrigation system, you should stay away from dry season cabbage production in Nigeria. The availability of a body of water like a pond, river, stream, or dam will be helpful. If you don’t have accessibility to a natural body of water, you can dig a borehole.
Harvesting your cabbage
It takes up to 3 months for cabbage to reach full maturity. To harvest your cabbage, you need to be certain that the cabbage heads are firm. You should harvest using a sharp knife to cut off the head from the base. It is highly recommended that you contact your buyers before your cabbage is ready for harvest. There are even situations where your buyers will purchase everything on your farm and harvest it by themselves.
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